Developing and validating multiple choice test items pdf
(See the summary table on p.45.) "Not only must the item writer understand content measured by the item, but must determine whether the cognitive demand will involve recall, understanding or application." (p. This is complicated by the fundamental inference problem of testing: We can never be sure whether an item elicits an intended complex mental process or simple recall of a memorized answer.
The next two chapters contain Haladyna's central messages.The book closes with speculation about future influences of cognitive psychology, government education policy and ongoing testing research.He recommends increased attention to diagnostic information available from incorrect MC answers.The book's second section presents MC item formats.Chapter 4 describes eight formats, including the familiar four-option MC and the much-dreaded true-false item.